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Gel Coat Thickness Gauge
Simple, Precise Measure for Gel Coat Thickness

This simple tool can save hundreds of dollars in damaged material and labor. This is the only accurate method to determine gel coat thickness, and to achieve repeatable high quality results. Place the edge into the wet film, the last tooth marked is the thickness.
Clear Gel Coat
Super High Gloss

#180 Clear Gel Coat is a high performance, premium quality gel coat for both airless and air atomized spray applications. #180 offers UV light stability, excellent clarity, crack and chemical resistance. This deep, crystal-clear and non-yellowing gel coat is compatible with underwater and water contact marine applications as well as sanitaryware such as showers and tubs. It is recommended to be used as a protective clear coat over other colors or glitterflake. Blend with #1040 Duratec Hi-Gloss Additive when top coating.
Formulated for 1.5% - 2.5% MEKP.

180/69-F kit contains (1) QUART RESIN, (1) 69-A.
180/69-A kit contains (1) GAL RESIN, (3) 69-A.
180/69-BK kit contains (4) GAL RESIN, (9) 69-A.
Black Tooling Gel Coat
Extend the Durability of Molds 

Tooling Gel Coat is an abrasion resistant gel coat for making molds where gloss retention, superior hardness, exceptional craze resistance and minimum distortion are paramount. Our #186 Black Tooling Gel Coat is often used on molds that will be used to make parts with a white gel coat. The contrast of the colors allows you to gauge the gel coat coverage and tell the difference between the part and the mold. The life of a good polyester mold may be extended considerably by the use of tooling gel coat. For best results, build the film thickness to 20 -25 mils. #1040 Hi-Gloss Additive can be added to further upgrade the gloss.
Formulated for 1.5% - 2.5% MEKP.

186/69-A kit contains (1) QUART RESIN, (1) 69-A.
186/69-B kit contains (1) GAL RESIN, (3) 69-A.
186/69-BK kit contains (4) GAL RESIN, (12) 69-A.

Gel Coat Troubleshooting Guide

Proper gel coat application is difficult for professionals and is probably the most common problem area for those new to fiberglass work. Most common gel coat problems are related to temperature variation, catalyzation, and a variety of handling techniques. The following list of gel coat problems and causes should help to resolve some of the difficulties associated with gel coat.

1. Wrinkles and Pinholes

A coating less than five mils thick may wrinkle, especially when brush marks are present. Check the thickness using a gel coat thickness gauge. The preferred thickness is 0.010 to 0.020 inches.

A wrinkle can also occur if the gel coat is not cured enough prior to lay-up. Before lay-up, check the surface for tack. The surface should be sticky but not transfer to your finger. Several things can affect a slow cure: solvent or water entrapment, under-catalyzation, and cold temperatures, among others.

If the gel coat film contains pinholes, check the spray equipment for moisture in the air lines or dirt in the traps. It is also important to review your spray techniques.

2. Slow Gel Coat Cure

Any temperature below 70°F will retard the gel time. An under-catalyzed gel coat will also result in a slow cure but this is not a recommended technique for deliberately lengthening gel time. High moisture and humidity will lengthen the gel time.

3. Sagging of The Gel Coat

Excessively heavy application, in one or more passes, is the most common reason for gel coat sags. To avoid sagging, spray in multiple light coats at a 15-inch distance from the mold. The maximum thickness to be sprayed at one application is 0.016 inches.

4. Porosity

Gel coat porosity (air bubbles) is normally caused by trapped air or moisture. This can be prevented by limiting the spray thickness per pass to 0.005 inches. Be sure to verify proper air pressure—an over-pressurized spray can cause fine porosity. Air pressure should be set based upon the thickness of the gel coat (generally 40 to 80 psi, depending on viscosity). It is also important to avoid any spray overlap areas.

5. Separation of Color

Most color separations are related to improper spray techniques. Reduce or lower thinning agents and lower the per-pass thickness of the gel coat. Again, avoid spray overlap.

6. Discoloration on Finished Parts

This problem is caused from porosity related to air entrapment while spraying. This can be overcome by spraying the mold surface with several light passes. It is also important to bleed any moisture from the air lines and to be sure that the mold surface is dry.

7. Craters and Pock Marks

These surface blemishes can be caused by improper resin-to-catalyst ratios and improper air pressure, both high and low. Another cause for craters would be oil or moisture on the surface of the mold.

8. Fisheyes

Fisheyes are usually caused by contaminates on the mold like dirt, moisture, or oils. Bleeding the air lines and using air filters will lower any air-related contaminates. Try to isolate the spray area from any oils, especially silicones.

9. Blisters when Immersed in Water

Blisters can be caused for the following reasons:

  1. Incomplete cure.
  2. Improper wetting of the back-up fibers.
  3. Bad bond between the gel coat and the back-up laminate, often caused by contamination.
  4. Thin gel coat.
10. Lifting of Gel Coat before Laminating

This condition is usually related to shrinkage of the gel coat. Shrinkage can be caused by:

  1. Overly fast curing time (normally due to over-catalyzation).
  2. Delays between the gel coat and laminating.
  3. Variations in gel coat thickness, thus varied gel time.
  4. Overheated mold surface.
11. Back Up Pattern Showing through Gel Coat

This visual pattern is caused by inadequate gel coat thickness or improperly cured gel coat.

12. Gel Coat Sticking to Part

This condition is caused by an improper release of the mold surface. It is important to use release agents formulated for the reinforced plastics industry.

Proper training and common sense will eliminate most of the problems associated with gel coats. Proper handling of gel coats will result in a part with a blemish-free surface.

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Fibre Glast Development Corp.
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Brookville, OH 45309
Phone: 800-838-8984
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