Introduction to Urethane Casting Resins

Fibre Glast casting resins are designed to be poured into open or closed molds, without reinforcement, to make short-run parts, prototypes, molds or tools. Urethanes are polymers with a wide range of properties, strengths, and uses, from custom elastic machine parts, pliable molds to hard plastic prototypes, coating and lenses.

The hardness of a cured polymer is measured on the Shore Durometer Scale, with higher numbers representing stiffer substances. The Shore Durometer scale also has six letter classifications from softest to hardest, with some overlap in values: O, OO, A, B, C, D. Fibre Glast carries resins from 40 Shore A, which is extremely soft and pliable, yet still durable, to 75 Shore D, which is much harder. The Clear Urethane Casting/Coating Resin is 80 D and the Fast Set Urethane Resin is 84 D, depending on the cure temperature.

  40 Shore A 60 Shore A 60 Shore D 75 Shore D Fast Set (84 D)
Mix Ratio 100:75 100:55 100:44 100:100 100:100
Color Amber Amber Amber White Gray
Viscosity (cps) 825 1,350 2,600 275 2,600
Pot Life (min.) 20-25 12-15 26 30-40 10
Demold Time 2.5-3 hrs. 2.5-3 hrs. 2.5-3 hrs. 3-4 hrs. 30-40 min.
Density (lbs./cu. in.) .038 .038 .037 .038-.040 .062
Tensile Str. (psi) 800 1,400 6,014 5,000 4,500
Elong. at Break (%) 525 500 646 20 2

40 and 60 Shore A Urethane Casting Resins

    The 40 and 60 Shore A Urethane Casting Resins can create pliable, durable parts, and can be colored with white, black or blue urethane pigments. The 40 Shore A resin is approximately as hard as a pencil eraser, and the 60 Shore A is as hard as car tire tread. The Shore A urethanes shrink minimally when cured.

    As molds, the Shore A resins are less pliable than silicone — a softer alternative for very complex parts or extreme negative angles — but the urethane resins are much more durable and less prone to tears, which makes them able to produce more parts per mold.

    Product Checklist

      Item Description
      Shore A Urethane Resins The Shore A 40 and 60 urethanes make it easy to create either softer or more resilient parts and tooling.Remember to pour the urethane slowly when using, in order to release any potential air bubbles within the resin.

60 and 75 Shore D Urethane Casting Resins

    The 60 and 75 Shore D Urethanes produce plastics that are much more firm, about the hardness of a solid rubber tire and an HDPE hard hat, respectively. They may be used for hard plastic parts or stiff molds with little give or flex, and are well suited for casting prototypes of molded parts. In liquid form, both have low viscosity, which allows them to fill complex molds easily.

    The 60 Shore D Urethane Resin produces tough and abrasion-resistant parts and foundry tools. Its low viscosity, 30 minute work time and fast cure time make it ideal for multiple-piece castings. The 75 Shore D Urethane Resin can be used to cast specialty seals and bushings, or to check molds and dies easily before production runs.

    Product Checklist

      Item Description
      Urethane Casting Resin 60 Shore D Extremely tough, this resin is well suited for demanding industrial applications. 60 shore D exhibits high tensile and tear strength, excellent elongation and good abrasion resistance.
      Urethane Casting Resin 75 Shore D For final parts and short-run casting, the 75 Shore D can create detailed parts with superior cosmetic qualities. It's simple mixing ratio and low mixed viscosity make it an ideal material to fill complicated molds.

Fast Set Tooling/Prototyping Urethane

    4113 Fast Set Urethane Casting Resin

    This Fast Set Urethane can be mixed, poured and de-molded in less than an hour. The part can put into service soon after for extremely fast parts, prototypes and mold checks. The two-part kit mixes in even amounts by weight or volume and has a 10 minute pot life with a low exotherm when curing. The part is ready for de-molding in 30-40 minutes. Acid brushes can be used to coat surfaces evenly without leaving air pockets or bubbles.

      Item Description
      Fast Set Tooling/Prototyping Urethane Kit Our fast Set Tooling and Prototyping kit is a two-aprt urethane casting system for molds or parts. Parts can be demolded within 30 to 40 minutes and can be put into service within a day.

Limitations of Urethane Casting Resins

    The urethane casting resins are extremely vulnerable to moisture; with too much moisture or humidity, the resins may have a tacky hardened finish. Since wooden paint stirs contain moisture, use the blue plastic urethane stirs. Before coating a wooden tabletop or bar top with the Clear Urethane Casting/Coating Resin, the surface must be sealed to prevent moisture damage.

    For mold release, use either 4120 Easy Clean Mold Release or 4121 Non-Silicone High Temp Paste Wax, neither of which are water-based. The Easy Clean Mold Release is a low-viscosity liquid; the High-Temp Paste Wax may work better with some complex shapes.

    Do not use PVA release film with urethane products. Silicone molds may also inhibit curing of the urethanes, leaving a tacky surface where the part and mold meet. To extend the shelf life of opened urethane products, spray 2332 Poly Purge Dry Gas Blanket into the open container to displace humid air before resealing.

Additional Products

    Item Description
    Plastic Paint Stirrer Wooden paint stirrers can trap moisture and contaminate urethanes if used for mixing prior to cure. These Plastic Stirrers are the right tool for your mix-and-pour or casting urethane project.
    Easy Clean Mold Release Easy Clean Mold Release allows for easy separation of urethane resins from epoxy or metal tooling production applications. Simply brush, spray or wipe it on to prepare the mold. We recommend three to five layers, waiting a few minutes in between each.
    Non-Silicone High Temp Paste Wax Non-Silicone High Temp Paste wax works great as a release for your urethane castings, and is able to be used at temperature ranges from 75°F to 375°F It is recommended that you use five layers for your casting process
    Dry Gas Blanket Spraying a can of Dry Gas Blanket into the open container of your urethane resin just before sealing in order to displace the moist air instead the container and extend the shelf life of the product.
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